Analysis of Greening of Information Technology Systems in IT Organizations in Sri Lanka

  IJCTT-book-cover
 
International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology (IJCTT)          
 
© 2015 by IJCTT Journal
Volume-28 Number-3
Year of Publication : 2015
Authors : S. Thananjeyan, Fernando, M.S.D.
  10.14445/22312803/IJCTT-V28P128

MLA

S. Thananjeyan, Fernando, M.S.D. "Analysis of Greening of Information Technology Systems in IT Organizations in Sri Lanka". International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology (IJCTT) V28(3):153-159, October 2015. ISSN:2231-2803. www.ijcttjournal.org. Published by Seventh Sense Research Group.

Abstract -
Computers and other IT infrastructure consume significant amount of electricity, increasing day by day, placing a heavy burden on our electric grids and contributing to greenhouse gas emission. Information technology now has a new role to play in creating a greener, more sustainable environment for the future generation. Green IT is an umbrella term referring to environmentally sound information technologies and systems, applications and practices. It refers to the efficient and effective design, manufacture, use and disposal of IT equipment with no or minimal impact on the environment. This research analyses the current level of Greening of Information Technology systems in IT organizations in Sri Lanka based on their purchasing, usage, disposal and the technology usage as the Green enabler of IT systems. This research is targeted to chief information officers or equivalent officers. The results show that the organizations have implemented energy saving mechanisms for some extent and adopted some of the state-of-the-art Green technologies. However, life cycle approach that includes purchasing, reuse, recycle and disposal of Green IT equipment was not followed.

References
[1] R. R. Harmon and N. Auseklis, ―Sustainable IT services: Assessing the impact of green computing practices, in Portland International Conference on Management of Engineering Technology, 2009. PICMET 2009, 2009, pp. 1707–1717.
[2] S. Murugesan, ―Harnessing Green IT: Principles and Practices, IT Professional, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 24–33, 2008.
[3] M. O’Neill, Green It for Sustainable Business Practice: An Iseb Foundation Guide. Swindon: BCS, 2010.
[4] S. Ruth, ―Green IT More Than a Three Percent Solution?, IEEE Internet Comput., vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 74–78, Jul. 2009.
[5] I. : Gartner, ―Gartner Estimates ICT Industry Accounts for 2 Percent of Global CO2 Emissions, 2007.
[6] K. S and L. PB, ―The Next Wave of Green IT: IT’s role in the future of enterprise sustainability, Boston, 2009.
[7] J. Dedrick, ―Green IS: Concepts and Issues for Information Systems Research, Commun. Assoc. Inf. Syst., vol. 27, no. 1, Aug. 2010.
[8] A. Molla, V. Cooper, and S. Pittayachawan, ―The Green IT Readiness (G-Readiness) of Organizations: An Exploratory Analysis of a Construct and Instrument, Commun. Assoc. Inf. Syst., vol. 29, no. 1, Aug. 2011.
[9] M. Schluep, ―Recycling - from e-waste to resources, Sustainable innovation and technology transfer industrial sector studies, 2009.
[10] ―Green IT: The New Industry Shock Wave. [Online]. Available: https://www.gartner.com/doc/559709/green-itnew- industry-shock. [Accessed: 12-Jul-2015].
[11] J. Lamb, The Greening of IT: How Companies Can Make a Difference for the Environment, 1 edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: IBM Press, 2009.
[12] L. Webber and M. Wallace, Green Tech: How to Plan and Implement Sustainable IT Solutions, 1 edition. New York: AMACOM, 2009.
[13] M. Courtney, ―Now green IT gets personal, Eng. Technol., vol. 5, no. 17, pp. 48–51, Nov. 2010.
[14] ―PC Power Management Activation Leads to Significant Power and Cost Savings. [Online]. Available: https://www.gartner.com/doc/517818/pc-powermanagement- activation-leads. [Accessed: 12-Jul-2015].
[15] ―Emerging Trends in Green IT, 01-Mar-2010. [Online]. Available: https://www.cgi.com/en/node/2238. [Accessed: 14-Jul-2015].
[16] R. Galliers, Ed., Information Systems Research: Issues, Methods and Practical Guidelines. Oxford: Alfred Waller Ltd, 1992.
[17] B. Toner, ―The Impact of Agreement Bias on the Ranking of Questionnaire Response, J. Soc. Psychol., vol. 127, no. 2, pp. 221–222, Apr. 1987.
[18] Y. Baruch, ―Response Rate in Academic Studies-A Comparative Analysis, Hum. Relat., vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 421– 438, Apr. 1999.
[19] A. Molla, V. Cooper, and S. Pittayachawan, ―IT and Ecosustainability: Developing and Validating a Green IT Readiness Model, ICIS 2009 Proc., Jan. 2009.
[20] L. Fink and S. Neumann, ―Gaining Agility through IT Personnel Capabilities: The Mediating Role of IT Infrastructure Capabilities, J. Assoc. Inf. Syst., vol. 8, no. 8, Aug. 2007.
[21] Biswajit Saha."Green Computing". International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology (IJCTT) V14(2):46-50, Aug 2014. ISSN:2231-2803. www.ijcttjournal.org. Published by Seventh Sense Research Group.

Keywords
Green IT; Green; Greening of IT; Green purchasing; Green disposal; Technology as green enabler.