A Novel Approach to Face Detection using Image Parsing and Morphological Analysis

International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology (IJCTT)          
© 2015 by IJCTT Journal
Volume-23 Number-4
Year of Publication : 2015
Authors : Abhishek Maity, Sayan Dasgupta, Debjit Paul


Abhishek Maity, Sayan Dasgupta, Debjit Paul "A Novel Approach to Face Detection using Image Parsing and Morphological Analysis". International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology (IJCTT) V23(4):155-161, May 2015. ISSN:2231-2803. www.ijcttjournal.org. Published by Seventh Sense Research Group.

Abstract -
The main objective of the paper is to propose an algorithm on extraction of some fundamental information of an image efficiently and then finally use that to detect the human face on the image.The method proposed is based on assumption that the image contains the frontal face.The described method widely-used edge-based features. Firstly, the skin region is detected using a colour based algorithm and Brightness preserving histogram equalization techniques operated on RGB to determine the presence of human and the head region is calculated.Lastly, probable calculated head region is extracted using Sobel Edge-Detection and matched with our trained database files for further classification of the segmented image.

[1] James Hays and Alexei A. Efros. 2007. Scene completion using millions of photographs. ACM Trans. Graph. 26, 3, Article 4 (July 2007). DOI=10.1145/1276377.1276382
[2] Dmitri Bitouk, Neeraj Kumar, Samreen Dhillon, Peter Belhumeur, and Shree K. Nayar. 2008. Face swapping: automatically replacing faces in photographs. ACM Trans. Graph. 27, 3, Article 39 (August 2008), 8 pages.DOI=10.1145/1360612.1360638
[3] Litian Tao, Lu Yuan, and Jian Sun. 2009. SkyFinder: attribute-based sky image search. ACM Trans. Graph. 28, 3, Article 68 (July 2009), 5 pages. DOI=10.1145/1531326.1531374
[4] Sheet, D.; Garud, H.; Suveer, A.; Mahadevappa, M.; Chatterjee, J., "Brightness preserving dynamic fuzzy histogram equalization," Consumer Electronics, IEEE Transactions on , vol.56, no.4, pp.2475,2480, November 2010 doi: 10.1109/TCE.2010.5681130
[5] P. Peer, F. Solina, “An Automatic Human Face Detection Method,” in Proceedings of Computer Vision Winter Workshop, pp. 122–130, Rastenfeld, Austria, 1999.
[6] Solina, F.; Peer, P.; Batagelj, B.; Juvan, S., "15 seconds of fame - an interactive, computer-vision based art installation," Control, Automation, Robotics and Vision, 2002. ICARCV 2002. 7th International Conference on , Control, Automation, Robotics and Vision vol.1, no., pp.198,204 vol.1, 2-5 Dec. 2002 doi: 10.1109/ICARCV.2002.1234820
[7] Moon, H.; Chellappa, R.; Rosenfeld, Azriel, "Optimal edge-based shape detection," Image Processing, IEEE Transactions on , vol.11, no.11, pp.1209,1227, Nov 2002 doi: 10.1109/TIP.2002.800896
[8] Mukherjee, S.; Chatterjee, A.; Dhar, M., "Image parsing: An advanced approach for image identification," Computing and Communication Systems (NCCCS), 2012 National Conference on , vol., no., pp.1,6, 21- 22 Nov. 2012 doi: 10.1109/NCCCS.2012.6413022
[9] Lakshmi, HC Vijay, and S. Patil Kulakarni. "Face Localization and Detection Algorithm for Colour Images Using Wavelet Approximations." Computer Vision and Information Technology: Advances and Applications (2010): 305
[10] Gonzalez, Rafael C., Richard Eugene Woods, and Steven L. Eddins. Digital image processing using MATLAB. Pearson Education India, 2004.
[11] Farkas, Leslie G. Anthropometry of the Head and Face. New York, NY: Raven, 1994. Print.
[12] Thakur, S.; Paul, S.; Mondal, A.; Das, S.; Abraham, A., "Face detection using skin tone segmentation," Information and Communication Technologies (WICT), 2011 World Congress on , vol., no., pp.53,60, 11-14 Dec. 2011 doi: 10.1109/WICT.2011.6141217
[13] Ruangyam, P.; Covavisaruch, N., "An efficient region-based skin color model for reliable face localization," Image and Vision Computing New Zealand, 2009. IVCNZ '09. 24th International Conference, vol., no., pp.260, 265, 23-25 Nov. 2009 doi: 10.1109/IVCNZ.2009.5378401
[14] Kovac, J.; Peer, P.; Solina, F., "Human skin color clustering for face detection," EUROCON 2003. Computer as a Tool. The IEEE Region 8, vol.2, no., pp.144, 148 vol.2, 22-24 Sept. 2003 doi: 10.1109/EURCON.2003.1248169
[15] Find perimeter of objects in binary image, MATLAB bwperim, MathWorks India. Retrieved May 25, 2015 from http://in.mathworks.com/help/images/ref/bwperim.html
[16] Kovac, J.; Peer, P.; Solina, F., "Illumination independent color-based face detection," Image and Signal Processing and Analysis, 2003. ISPA 2003. Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on , vol.1, no., pp.510,515 Vol.1, 18-20 Sept. 2003 doi: 10.1109/ISPA.2003.1296950

Content-based image retrieval (CBIR), Brightness preserving fuzzy histogram equalization, Image segmentation, Image cropping.