Towards Comprehensive Approach to Information Security Management: Empowering the Human Factor for Enhanced Security

© 2023 by IJCTT Journal
Volume-71 Issue-8
Year of Publication : 2023
Authors : Abbas H. Imam
DOI :  10.14445/22312803/IJCTT-V71I8P101

How to Cite?

Abbas H. Imam, "Towards Comprehensive Approach to Information Security Management: Empowering the Human Factor for Enhanced Security," International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology, vol. 71, no. 8, pp. 1-11, 2023. Crossref,

Effective information security management necessitates a holistic approach that recognizes the crucial role of the human factor. While technical controls and policies are essential, the behaviors, decisions, and actions of individuals within organizations significantly influence the success of information security measures. This abstract explores the integration of the Behavior Change Theory, specifically the Motivation, Opportunity, and Capability (MOC) model, into information security management. Drawing upon the Dunning-Kruger effect as a theoretical framework, the impact of cognitive biases on human behavior and decision-making is examined. Additionally, relevant literature on self-perception, emotions, personal values, and organizational culture in the context of information security is reviewed. Practical insights are provided, suggesting the implementation of training programs, simulations, awareness campaigns, cross-functional collaboration, leadership support, metrics, and feedback mechanisms to empower employees and foster a security-conscious culture. By prioritizing the human factor and adopting these strategies, organizations can enhance their information security management practices, mitigate risks, and safeguard valuable assets in an ever-evolving threat landscape.

Behavior Change Theory, Dunning-Kruger effect, Cognitive biases, Human factor, Information security.


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