OSI Reference Model: An Overview

International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology (IJCTT)          
© 2014 by IJCTT Journal
Volume-7 Number-4                          
Year of Publication : 2014
Authors : Gaurav Bora , Saurabh Bora , Shivendra Singh , Sheikh Mohamad Arsalan
DOI :  10.14445/22312803/IJCTT-V7P151


      Gaurav Bora , Saurabh Bora , Shivendra Singh , Sheikh Mohamad Arsalan . Article: OSI Reference Model: An Overview. International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology (IJCTT) 7(4):214-218, January 2014. Published by Seventh Sense Research Group.

      A reference model is a conceptual blueprint of how communication should take place. It addresses all the process required for effective communication and divides these processes into logical grouping called layers. When a communication system is designed in this manner, it is known as layered architecture. The OSI isn’t a physical model, though. Rather, it’s a set of guidelines that application developers used to create and implement application that run on a network. It also provides a framework for creating and implementing networking standards, devices, and internetworking schemes. This paper explains the OSI Reference Model, which comprises of seven different layers. Each layer is having its own responsibilities.

1- Margaret Rouse, “OSI (Open Systems Interconnection)”, in http://searchnetworking.techtarget.comdefinition/OSI.
2- Webopedia (http://www.webopedia.com/quick_ref/OSI_Layers.asp )
3- Regan (http://www.antiessays.com/free-essays/96912.html) in 2004.
4- http://computer.howstuffworks.com/osi.htm
5- http://whatis.techtarget.com/reference/OSI-Reference-Model-illustrated
6- http://media.techtarget.com/digitalguide/images/Misc/osi.gif
7- http://www.escotal.com/osilayer.html
8- http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Seven-layer+OSI+model
9- Wikipedia(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OSI_model )
10- http://www.omnisecu.com/tcpip/osi-model.php
11- Bradley Michell(http://compnetworking.about.com/cs/designosimodel/a/osimodel.htm)
12- Murat Kayri1 and Ismail Kayri, “International Journal of Next-Generation Networks (IJNGN) Vol.2, No.3, September 2010”.
13- “OSI” http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/O/OSI.html (15 Mar. 2002).
14- Hubert Zimmermann, “OSI Reference Model- The ISO Model of Architecture for Open System Interconnection” IEEE transaction on communications, vol.28, issue 4, April 1980.
15- Mizanian, K, Vasef, M. and Analoui, M. (2010) “Bandwidth modeling and estimation in peer to peer networks”, International Journal of Computer Networks & Communications (IJCNC), Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 65-83.
16- Hubert Zimmermann, “OSI Reference model-An ISO model Architecture for OSI”, in IEEE transaction on Communications, Vol. Com-28, No.4, April 1980.
17- Michael Scheidell, “Three Undocumented Layers of the OSI Model and Their Impact on Security”, SECNAP Network Security Corporation.
18- J.R. Aschenbrenner. “Open Systems Interconnections”, IBM SYSTEMS KIURNAL, VOL 25. NOS 3/4, 1986.