Experiencing Body Scan and Computer Simulation Virtual Fitting
|© 2022 by IJCTT Journal|
|Year of Publication : 2022|
|Authors : Shu-Hwa Lin, Lynn M. Boorady, Ju-Young Kong|
|DOI : 10.14445/22312803/IJCTT-V70I7P105|
How to Cite?
Shu-Hwa Lin, Lynn M. Boorady, Ju-Young Kong, "Experiencing Body Scan and Computer Simulation Virtual Fitting ," International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology, vol. 70, no. 7, pp. 21-29, 2022. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/22312803/IJCTT-V70I7P105
This research explored using personal avatars (from body scanning) as fit models. Also, this project is to explore fitting accuracy through the use of personal avatars and examining outcomes. Researchers who had 2D/3D computer-aided design skills developed two basic garments and virtually draped the garments on two avatars, one was the software program’s default avatar, and the second was a personal avatar captured through a 3D body scan. The garments were also assembled in muslin and fit during a live session. Photographs of the three scenarios documented the static fit of the garments. Overall, the participants were satisfied with evaluating the virtual garment on their avatar, though disappointed that the avatar itself was not a cleaner image. There was some difference in the fit results between the personal avatar and the live session due to fabric appearance and differences in draping. Further research, and advancement in virtual textile rendering, need to take place as this affects the visual fit of the avatar. Virtual fit has the potential to be a time- and cost-saving practice for the industry.
Body-scanning, Fitting-simulation, Avatars, Structure, Virtual-Fitting.
 J. Bougourd J, “Sizing Systems, Fit Models and Target Markets, In Ashdown, S.P., Sizing in Clothing: Developing Systems for Readyto-Wear Clothing,” Woodhead Publishing, 2007.
 L. O’Connell, “U.S. Apparel Market - Statistics and Facts. Statista Report”, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://www.statista.com/topics/965/apparel-market-in-the-us/
 R. Otieno, G. Pisut and J. Connell, “Fit Preferences of Female Consumers in the USA”, Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 366–379, 2009.
 R. O’Brien, R. and W.C. Shelton, “Women’s Measurements for Garment and Pattern Construction,” Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1941.
 E. Shin, and M.L. Damhorst, “How do Young Consumers Think About Clothing Fit?,” International Journal of Fashion Design, Technology and Education, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 352-361, 2018.
 Bain M, “Amazon is Developing a 3D Modeling System to Solve Online Clothes Shopping’s Biggest Problem”, 2016. [Online]. Available: https://qz.com/730986/amazon-may-be-developing-a-3d-modeling-system-to-solve-online-clothes-shoppings-biggest-problem/
 T. Mapel, “Ringing in the New Year with a Rush of Online Returns”, 2015. [Online]. Available: https://www.digitalcommerce360.com/2015/12/31/ringingnew-year-rush-online-returns/
 K. Desmarteau and J.Speer, “Entering the Third Dimension”, Apparel Magazine, vol. 45, no. 5, pp. 28–33, 2004.
 E. Goldsberry, S. Shim and N. Reich, “Women 55 Years and Older: Part II, Overall Satisfaction and Dissatisfaction with the Fit of Ready-to-Wear”, Clothing and Textiles Research Journal, vol.14, no. 2, pp. 121–32, 1996.
 ”Cotton Incorporated, Sizing Solutions: Technology Assists in Search for Better Fit,” 2020. [Online]. Available: https://lifestylemonitor.cottoninc.com/sizing-solutions/
 P. R. Apeagyei, “Application of 3D Body Scanning Technology to Human Measurement for Clothing Fit”, International Journal of Digital Content Technology and its Applications, vol.4, no.7, pp. 58-68, 2010.
 N.A. Schofield, L.M. Boorady, and C. Barnhart, “Using the Newest Technologies: Body Scanning and 3D Modeling to Address Issues with Sizing and Fit of Clothing for Women”, Proceedings of the AAFCS 99th Annual Conference, Milwaukee, WI, 2008.
 P. Brown, and J. Rice, “Ready-to-Wear Apparel Analysis,” 4th Ed., Pearson Higher Ed, 2014.
 B. Yusuf, “Amazon is 3D Scanning Customers’ Bodies to Improve Online Shopping”, 2018. [Online]. Available: https://all3dp.com/amazon-is-3d-scanning-customers-bodies-to-improve-online-shopping/#:~:text=Amazon%20is%203D%20Scanning%20Customers`%20Bodies%20to%20Improve%20Online%20Shopping,- by%20Bulent%20Yusuf&text=To%20help%20sell%20clothes%20more,microphone%20in%20your%20living%20room.
 J. Kim, and S. Forsythe, “Adoption of Virtual Try-On Technology for Online Apparel Shopping,” Journal of Interactive Marketing, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 45-59, 2008.
 P. Brown, and J. Rice, “Ready-to-Wear Apparel Analysis,” 4th Edition, Pearson Higher Ed., 2014.
 P. Hu, E.S. Ho, N. Aslam, T. Komura, and H.P. Shum, “A new Method to Evaluate the Dynamic Air Gap Thickness and Garment Sliding of Virtual Clothes During Walking,” Textile Research Journal, vol. 89, no. 19-20, pp. 4148-4161, 2019.
 A. Ballester, E. Parrilla, A. Piérola, J. Uriel, C. Pérez, P. Piqueras, B. Beatriz, V. Julio, and S. Alemany, “Data-Driven Three-Dimensional Reconstruction of Human Bodies Using a Mobile Phone App,” International Journal of the Digital Human, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 361-388, 2016.
 H.S. Kim, H.E. Choi, H. K. Park, and Y. J. Nam, “Standardization of the Size and Shape of the Virtual Human Body for Apparel Products,” Fashion and Textiles, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 33, 2019.
 S. Gill, M. Januszkiewicz, and M. Ahmed, “Digital Fashion Technology: A Review of Online Fit and Sizing,” Digital Manufacturing Technology for Sustainable Anthropometric Apparel, pp. 135-163, 2022.
 Funato, K., Hakamada, N., Nagashima, H., & Horiguchi, C, “Applications of 3D Body Scanning Technology to Human Anthropometry: Body Surface Area and Body Volume Measurements in the Fields of Health and Sports Sciences,” In Proceedings of the 1st Asian Workshop on 3D Body Scanning Technologies, Tokyo, Japan, pp. 17-18, 2012.
 S. Ashdown, “Full Body 3-D Scanners,” In D. Gupta and N. Zakaria (Ed.). “Anthropometry, Apparel Sizing and Design”, Second Edition, Oxford: Woodhead Publishing, no. 6, pp. 145-168, 2019.
 S. P. Ashdown, S. Loker, K. Schoenfelder, and L. Lyman-Clarke, “Using 3D scans for fit analysis,” Journal of Textile and Apparel, Technology and Management, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1-12, 2004.
 P. Treleaven, and J. Wells J, “3D Body Scanning and Healthcare Applications,” Computer, vol. 40, no. 7, pp. 28-34, 2007.
 M. Maurer, VITUS 3D Body Scanner, “Asian Workshop on 3D Body Scanning Technologies”, Tokyo, Japan, 2012. [Online]. Available: https://www.3dbodyscanning.org/cap/papers/A2012/a12009_08maurer.pdf
 D. Gupta, “D. Anthropometry and the Design and Production of Apparel: An Overview,” In D. Gupta and N. Zakaria (Ed.). “Anthropometry, Apparel Sizing and Design,” Second Edition, Oxford: Woodhead Publishing, vol. 2, pp. 34-66, 2014.
 Y. Huang, W. Yu, T. Chen, & T. Austin, “Three-Dimensional Body Scanning System for Apparel Mass-Customization,” Optical Engineering, vol. 41, no. 7, pp. 1475-1479, 2002.
 H. K. Song, and S. P. Ashdown, “Investigation of the Validity of 3-D Virtual Fitting for Pants,” Clothing and Textiles Research Journal, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 314-330, 2015.
 O. Troynikov, and E. Ashayeri, “3D Body Scanning Method for Close-Fitting Garments in Sport and Medical Applications,” In HFESA 47th Annual Conference, Crows Nest: Crows, pp. 11-16, 2011.
 S. Gill, “A Review of Replace Take Body Measurement in Person Research and Innovation in Garment Sizing, Prototyping and Fitting,” Textile Progress, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 1-85, 2015.
 J. Q. Yan, and V. E. Kuzmichev, “Hierarchical Fit Criteria of Made-to-Measure Men Shirt With Virtual Technology,” In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 459, no. 1, pp. 012086, 2018.
 E. Scott, and A. S. M. Sayem, “Landmarking and Measuring for Critical Body Shape Analysis Targeting Garment Fit,” International Conference Exhibition of 3D Body Scanning Proceedings, Lugano, Switzerland, pp. 222-235, 2018.
 J. Rosicky, A. Grygar, P. Chapcak, T. Bouma, & J. Rosicky, “Application of 3D Scanning in Prosthetic & Orthotic Clinical Practice,” In Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on 3D Body Scanning Technologies, pp. 88-97, 2016.
 J. Conkle, P.S. Suchdev, E. Alexander, R. Flores-Ayala, U. Ramakrishnan, and R. Martorell, “Accuracy and Reliability of a Low-Cost, Handheld 3D Imaging System for Child Anthropometry,” PloS one, vol. 13, no. 10, pp. e0205320, 2018.
 Z. Stjepanovi?, T. Pilar, A. Rudolf, and S. Jevšnik, “3D Virtual Prototyping of Clothing Products,” Innovations in Clothing Technology & Measurement Techniques, pp. 28-41, 2012.