Hardware Design and Experimental Study for Road Conditions & Smart Detecting System Based on IMU and Ultrasonic Sensor

© 2021 by IJCTT Journal
Volume-69 Issue-10
Year of Publication : 2021
Authors : Nashaat M. Hussain Hassan, Mohamed Hassan M. Mahmoud
DOI :  10.14445/22312803/IJCTT-V69I10P105

How to Cite?

Nashaat M. Hussain Hassan, Mohamed Hassan M. Mahmoud, "Hardware Design and Experimental Study for Road Conditions & Smart Detecting System Based on IMU and Ultrasonic Sensor," International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology, vol. 69, no. 10, pp. 33-38, 2021. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/22312803/IJCTT-V69I10P105

This research paper is focused on analyzing and design of an easily detachable and user-friendly system that is specialized to detect potholes, main holes, and close-range obstacles. The system is composed of two subsystems, and The First Part is the “Sensing System” that detects potholes or main holes from a distance in order to warn the car driver before reaching any of them. The Second Part is the “Cloud unit,” which collects the location of both potholes or main holes detected to be represented on a map. By this technology, we can maintain the driver’s safety, and also it helps the governmental authorities that are responsible for road maintenance to have access to a renewable web server so as to have a better knowledge of the road state occasionally. The main components of the system are Arduino Uno, an IMU sensor which split inside it into an Accelerometer and gyroscope, an Ultrasonic sensor, LCD. According to the ultrasonic sensor, it will be used to detect the pot-hole or main–hole and then determine the result of scanning if there is a pot-hole or main-hole or the rood is clear then this information is sent to the Arduino to be shown next on LCD Screen, On the other hand, when the car is passed on the pot or main hole, the IMU sensor will play its role for sensing the tilting of the vehicle, and if the tilting exceeded a certain threshold then this Indicates the presence of either pothole or main hole. It works to confirm the information that came from the Ultrasonic sensor. According to the real-time road conditions evaluation, the abnormal road condition can be detected and saved in the traffic center. The experimental results show that our proposed system is an efficient system with higher accuracy and performance.

Road conditions, Ultrasonic sensing, remote sensing, Arduino, IMU, LCD.


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