A Literature Review of Network Function Virtualization (NFV) in 5G Networks

© 2020 by IJCTT Journal
Volume-68 Issue-10
Year of Publication : 2020
Authors : Srinivasan Sridharan
DOI :  10.14445/22312803/IJCTT-V68I10P109

How to Cite?

Srinivasan Sridharan, "A Literature Review of Network Function Virtualization (NFV) in 5G Networks," International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology, vol. 68, no. 10, pp. 49-55, 2020. Crossref, 10.14445/22312803/IJCTT-V68I10P109

Network Function Virtualization (NFV), a crucial enabling technology for new-generation networks (5G), offers an efficient platform for network users and providers to optimize resource utilization. This survey paper provides a detailed outline of the scope of 5G networks and NFV in 5G. It presents the fundamentals of 5G networks. It investigates various studies conducted on NFV and explores the significant findings and recommendations provided in these works. It also presents a comparative study of existing works pertaining to this research region for analyzing the technical gaps still prevailing in the domain. The paper provides the major gaps in existing studies for developing better techniques and taking suitable steps to support future applications in 5G networks.

[1] Akpakwu, G. A., Silva, B. J., Hancke, G. P., & Abu-Mahfouz, A. M. (2017). “A survey on 5G networks for the Internet of Things: Communication technologies and challenges” IEEE Access, 6, 3619-3647.
[2] Agiwal, M., Roy, A., & Saxena, N. (2016). “Next-generation 5G wireless networks: A comprehensive survey”. IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, 18(3), 1617-1655.
[3] Osseiran, A., Boccardi, F., Braun, V., Kusume, K., Marsch, P., Maternia, M., ... & Tullberg, H. (2014). “Scenarios for 5G mobile and wireless communications: the vision of the METIS project”. IEEE communications magazine, 52(5), 26-35.
[4] Ateya, A. A., Muthanna, A., Makolkina, M., & Koucheryavy, A. (2018, November). “Study of 5G services standardization: specifications and requirements”. In 2018 10th International Congress on Ultra Modern Telecommunications and Control Systems and Workshops (ICUMT) (pp. 1-6). IEEE.
[5] Yassein, M. B., Aljawarneh, S., & Al-Sadi, A. (2017, November). “Challenges and features of IoT communications in 5G networks”. In 2017 International Conference on Electrical and Computing Technologies and Applications (ICECTA) (pp. 1-5). IEEE.
[6] Liang, C., & Yu, F. R. (2015). “Wireless virtualization for next-generation mobile-cellular networks”. IEEE wireless communications, 22(1), 61-69.
[7] Abdelwahab, S., Hamdaoui, B., Guizani, M., & Znati, T. (2016). Network function virtualization in 5G. IEEE Communications Magazine, 54(4), 84-91.
[8] Chatras, B., Kwong, U. S. T., & Bihannic, N. (2017, March). “NFV enabling network slicing for 5G”. In 2017 20th Conference on Innovations in Clouds, Internet and Networks (ICIN) (pp. 219-225). IEEE.
[9] Sackl, A., Zwickl, P., & Reichl, P. (2013, October). “The trouble with a choice: An empirical study to investigate the influence of charging strategies and content selection on QoE”. In Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Network and Service Management (CNSM 2013) (pp. 298-303). IEEE.
[10] Andrews, J. G., Buzzi, S., Choi, W., Hanly, S. V., Lozano, A., Soong, A. C., & Zhang, J. C. (2014). “What will 5G be?.” IEEE Journal on selected areas in communications, 32(6), 1065-1082.
[11] Ahmad, A., Atzori, L., & Martini, M. G. (2017, May). “Qualia: A multilayer solution for QoE passive monitoring at the user terminal”. In 2017 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC) (pp. 1-6). IEEE.
[12] [Tselios, C., & Tsolis, G. (2016, October). “On QoE-awareness through virtualized probes in 5G networks.” In 2016 IEEE 21st International Workshop on Computer-Aided Modelling and Design of Communication Links and Networks (CAMAD) (pp. 159-164). IEEE.
[13] [Ahmad, A., Floris, A., & Atzori, L. (2017, June). “Towards QoE monitoring at user terminal: A monitoring approach based on quality degradation”. In 2017 IEEE International Symposium on Broadband Multimedia Systems and Broadcasting (BMSB) (pp. 1-6). IEEE.
[14] Kim, D., & Kim, S. (2019). “Network slicing as enablers for 5G services: state of the art and challenges for the mobile industry”. Telecommunication Systems, 71(3), 517-527.
[15] Yousaf, F. Z., Gramaglia, M., Friderikos, V., Gajic, B., von Hugo, D., Sayadi, B., ... & Crippa, M. R. (2017, May). “Network slicing with flexible mobility and QoS/QoE support for 5G Networks”. In 2017 IEEE International Conference on Communications Workshops (ICC Workshops) (pp. 1195-1201). IEEE.
[16] Yousaf, F. Z., Bredel, M., Schaller, S., & Schneider, F. (2017). “NFV and SDN—Key technology enablers for 5G networks”. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, 35(11), 2468-2478.
[17] Zhou, X., Li, R., Chen, T., & Zhang, H. (2016). “Network slicing as a service: enabling enterprises` own software-defined cellular networks.” IEEE Communications Magazine, 54(7), 146-153.
[18] De Domenico, A., Liu, Y. F., & Yu, W. (2020). “Optimal Virtual Network Function Deployment for 5G Network Slicing in a Hybrid Cloud Infrastructure”. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications.
[19] Cao, J., Zhang, Y., An, W., Chen, X., Sun, J., & Han, Y. (2017). “VNF-FG design and VNF placement for 5G mobile networks”. Science China Information Sciences, 60(4), 040302.
[20] Wang, X., Xu, C., Zhao, G., & Yu, S. (2017). Tuna: “An efficient and practical scheme for wireless access points in 5G networks virtualization”. IEEE Communications Letters, 22(4), 748-751.
[21] Feng, Z., Qiu, C., Feng, Z., Wei, Z., Li, W., & Zhang, P. (2015). “An effective approach to 5G: Wireless network virtualization”. IEEE Communications Magazine, 53(12), 53-59.
[22] Qiu, Y., Zhang, H., Long, K., Sun, H., Li, X., & Leung, V. C. (2017, October). “Improving the handover of 5G networks by network function virtualization and fog computing”. In 2017 IEEE/CIC International Conference on Communications in China (ICCC) (pp. 1-5). IEEE.
[23] Ordonez-Lucena, J., Ameigeiras, P., Lopez, D., Ramos-Munoz, J. J., Lorca, J., & Folgueira, J. (2017). “Network slicing for 5G with SDN/NFV: Concepts, architectures, and challenges”. IEEE Communications Magazine, 55(5), 80-87.
[24] Rost, P., Mannweiler, C., Michalopoulos, D. S., Sartori, C., Sciancalepore, V., Sastry, N., ... & Aziz, D. (2017). “Network slicing to enable scalability and flexibility in 5G mobile networks.” IEEE Communications Magazine, 55(5), 72-79.
[25] Al-Quzweeni, A. N., Lawey, A. Q., Elgorashi, T. E., & Elmirghani, J. M. (2019). “Optimized energy-aware 5G network function virtualization.” IEEE Access, 7, 44939-44958.
[26] Pedreno-Manresa, J. J., Khodashenas, P. S., Siddiqui, M. S., & Pavon-Marino, P. (2017, July). “Dynamic QoS/QoE assurance in realistic NFV-enabled 5G access networks”. In the 2017 19th international conference on transparent optical networks (ICTON) (pp. 1-4). IEEE.
[27] Akyildiz, I. F., Wang, P., & Lin, S. C. (2016). SoftWater: “Software-defined networking for next-generation underwater communication systems”. Ad Hoc Networks, 46, 1-11.
[28] Afolabi, I., Bagaa, M., Taleb, T., & Flinck, H. (2017, September). “End-to-end network slicing is enabled through network function virtualization”. In 2017 IEEE Conference on Standards for Communications and Networking (CSCN) (pp. 30-35). IEEE
[29] Akyildiz, I. F., Wang, P., & Lin, S. C. (2015). “software: A software-defined networking architecture for 5G wireless systems”. Computer Networks, 85, 1-18.
[30] Cheng, X., Wu, Y., Min, G., & Zomaya, A. Y. (2018). “Network function virtualization in dynamic networks: A stochastic perspective”. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, 36(10), 2218-2232.
[31] Sridharan, S.(2018). “Systems and methods for authorization and Srinivasan Sridharan. / IJCTT, 68(10), 49-55, 2020 55 billing of users for wireless charging”. U.S. Patent No.9,972,037. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.
[32] Sridharan, S.(2016). “Ue initiated the evolved packet core (epc) and ip multimedia subsystem (ims) network usage optimization algorithm for lte capable smartphones connected to wireless lan (wi-fi) network”. U.S. Patent No.20160088677A1. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.
[33] Sridharan, S.(2016). “Network initiated an evolved packet core (epc) and ip multimedia subsystem (ims) network usage optimization algorithm for lte capable smartphones connected to wireless lan (wi-fi) network”. U.S. Patent No.20160088678A1. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

5G, Cloud Computing, NFV, SDN, VNF