Design, Simulation And Optimization of A Hybrid Renewable Energy System For Bayero University Kano, Nigeria

International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology (IJCTT)          
© 2019 by IJCTT Journal
Volume-67 Issue-10
Year of Publication : 2019
Authors : Isiaka Shuaibu, Musefiu Aderinola, Isah Magaji
DOI :  10.14445/22312803/IJCTT-V67I10P113


MLA Style:Isiaka Shuaibu, Musefiu Aderinola, Isah Magaji"Design, Simulation And Optimization of A Hybrid Renewable Energy System For Bayero University Kano, Nigeria," International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology 67.10 (2019):73-80.

APA Style Isiaka Shuaibu, Musefiu Aderinola, Isah Magaji. Design, Simulation And Optimization of A Hybrid Renewable Energy System For Bayero University Kano, Nigeria, International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology, 67(10),73-80.

Hybrid renewable energy system (HRES) combines two or more renewable energy sourcesto improves reliability on power generation. To complement the current powersupply received from Kano Electricity Distribution Company(KEDCO)in Bayero University Kano (BUK) Nigeria,renewable energy resources (RES) were exploited. In this study, wepropose and designa HRESfor BUKusing HOMER 3.4.3 simulationtool. BUK annual load profile, solar radiations, wind speed data and diesel hourly operational data were obtained and used as the inputs to the software with calculated and estimated sized components (Photovoltaic, wind turbine,inverter, diesel generator(s), battery and the loads) coupled together. Two different models wereconsidered to cover all possible states of the system and the outputs of the simulation helps to choose the optimal case for the system. The obtained simulation results, shows that the HRES comprising of diesel generators, PV, wind turbine, battery and inverter is the optimal in terms of economy, efficiency, reliability and environmental friendliness.

[1] Richard Ileberi, G. (2015). Feasibility of Harnessing Renewable Energy at an Off-grid Community in Nigeria. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, 6(4).
[2] Anayochukwu, A. (2013). Simulation of photovoltaic/diesel hybrid power generation system with energy storage and supervisory control. International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, 3(3), 605-614.
[3] Aboudou, K., & El Ganaoui, M. (2017). Feasibility study for the production of electricity using a hybrid PV-wind-generator system in a remote area in comoros. International Journal of Recent Research and Applied Studies, 33(2), 23-36.
[4] Sagbansua, L. and Balo, F. (2016). Evaluat?on of the Solar Panels in Terms of Energy Eff?c?ency. International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology, 42(1), pp.59-65
[5] Kajela, D., & Manshahia, M. (2017). Optimization of Renewable Energy Systems: Review. International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology (www.Ijsrst. Com), 3(8), 769-794
[6] Murugaperumal, K., & Ajay D Vimal Raj, P. (2019). Feasibility design and techno-economic analysis of hybrid renewable energy system for rural electrification. Solar Energy, 188, 1068-1083. doi: 10.1016/j.solener.2019.07.008
[7] Kour, O. (2018). Technical and economic Analysis of a Hybrid Power System: A Case Study for a Village in India. International Journal for Research in Applied Science and Engineering Technology, 6(5), 2043-2049. doi: 10.22214/ijraset.2018.5334
[8] Nema, P., & Dutta, S. (2012). Feasibility Study of 1 MW Standalone Hybrid Energy System: For Technical Institutes. Low Carbon Economy, 03(03), 63-68. doi: 10.4236/lce.2012.33009
[9] Ming, M., Wang, R., Zha, Y., & Zhang, T. (2017). Multi-Objective Optimization of Hybrid Renewable Energy System Using an Enhanced Multi-Objective Evolutionary Algorithm. Energies, 10(5), 674. doi: 10.3390/en10050674
[10] Islam, M. (2018). A techno-economic feasibility analysis of hybrid renewable energy supply options for a grid-connected large office building in southeastern part of France. Sustainable Cities and Society, 38, 492-508. doi: 10.1016/j.scs.2018.01.022
[11] Paudel, A., & Sarper, H. (2013). Economic analysis of a grid-connected commercial photovoltaic system at Colorado State University-Pueblo. Energy, 52, 289-296. doi: 10.1016/
[12] Somkene N. Mbakwe, M. T. Iqbal, and Amy Hsiao ``Design of a 1.5kW Hybrid Wind / Photovoltaic Power System for a Telecoms Base Station in Remote Location of Benin City, Nigeria``.
[13] Fadaeenejad, M., Radzi, M. A. M., AbKadir, M. Z. A., and Hizam, H., “Assessment of Hybrid Renewable Power Sources for Rural Electrification in Malaysia,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 30, pp. 299-305, 2014.
[14] ALTESTORE. (n.d.). (Alternative Energy Store Inc) Retrieved 05 08, 2019, from
[15] NASA surface meteorology and solar energy website,
[16] The HOMER energy website,
[17] BUK Maintenance Service Department. (2017). Central Maine Diesel. (n.d.). (Central Maine Diesel Inc) Retrieved 08 08, 2017, from
[18] Saha,B.(2014).GreenComputing. International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology, 14(2), pp.46-50.
[19] Abubakar B., Abubakar A. and Bello S. M., (2016) Feasibility studies of a hybrid renewable energy for Electrical Engineering Department of Bayero University, Kano.
[20] Abid, A. and Hussein Ali, A. (2017). Smart Monitoring of the Consumption of Home Electrical Energy. International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology, 47(2), pp.142-148