Symmetric Image Encryption using Scrambling Technique Based on Matrix Reodering Coding

International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology (IJCTT)          
© 2018 by IJCTT Journal
Volume-62 Number-1
Year of Publication : 2018
Authors : Mamy Alain Rakotomalala, Falimanana Randimbindrainibe, Sitraka R.Rakotondramanana
DOI :  10.14445/22312803/IJCTT-V62P108


MLA Style: Mamy Alain Rakotomalala, Falimanana Randimbindrainibe, Sitraka R.Rakotondramanana "Symmetric Image Encryption using Scrambling Technique Based on Matrix Reodering Coding" International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology 62.1 (2018): 58-70.

APA Style:Mamy Alain Rakotomalala, Falimanana Randimbindrainibe, Sitraka R.Rakotondramanana (2018). Symmetric Image Encryption using Scrambling Technique Based on Matrix Reodering Coding. International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology, 62(1), 58-70.

For having performance of image security, the good option is using combination between the ciphering and steganography. The ciphering protect the information to the person with bad intention and the steganography facilitate the transmission of the secret key. The scrambling technique could a candidate of the ciphering algorithm. The zigzag pattern has 8 variant and could be used for it. For that, we invent a new algorithm based on key coding the scrambling technique based on matrix reordering. For the first approach, we use scrambling methods separately with all component RGB and 15bits of key repartitioning like this : 3bits for the repetitively order t of scrambling color, 3bits for the colors scrambling, 3bits for the pixel scrambling techniques of Red, 3bits for the pixel scramblingtechniques of Green, 3bits for the pixel scrambling techniques of Blue. After the simulation on Matlab, the result confirm that it has a good performance on correlation, PSNR, UACI, NPCR and histogram but one bit error doesn’t modify so much the deciphering image comparing the original image. To avoid this, we prefer to use scrambling methods at all the component of the image and use 9bits of key like : repartitioning like this: 3bits of repetitively order of scrambling, 3bits of scrambling color for all component of image, 3bits of scrambling pixels techniques. The two approaches for the ciphering, steganography and deciphering are simulated, evaluated, and interpreted in this article.

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Ciphering, scrambling, Steganography, Zigzag, Key.