Examining Factors of Academic Procrastination Tendency of University Students by using Artificial Neural Network
||International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology (IJCTT)||
|© 2016 by IJCTT Journal|
|Year of Publication : 2016|
|Authors : Dr. Murat Kayri, Dr. Ömay Çokluk|
|DOI : 10.14445/22312803/IJCTT-V34P101|
Dr. Murat Kayri, Dr. Ömay Çokluk "Examining Factors of Academic Procrastination Tendency of University Students by using Artificial Neural Network". International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology (IJCTT) V34(1):1-8, April 2016. ISSN:2231-2803. www.ijcttjournal.org. Published by Seventh Sense Research Group.
The purpose of this study is to model the factors that are influential on academic procrastination behaviour with artificial neural network. The population of the research consisted of students in undergraduate programs of Ankara University. A sample was not selected from the population since access to the whole population was targeted. So, this study was carried out on 1271 university students. Information about personal and socio-demographic features in the research was gathered with a form prepared by the authors. The Academic Procrastination Scale and the General Procrastination Scale were applied in the study to explore the levels of academic procrastination and general procrastination of the participants. The influential factors on academic procrastination were scrutinized by using Radial Basis Function Artificial Neural Network. It is clear that the “general procrastination tendency”, “self-assessment of course attendance”, “studying habit satisfaction”, “Preference in revision for exams” and “Planning before any kind of tasks” predictors are influential on academic procrastination tendency. In this study, neural network which is one of the robust and unbiased methods was applied to the educational data due to the its’ predictive ability.
1. Milgram, N., Mey-Tal, G., & Levison, Y. (1998). Procrastination, Generalized or Specific, in College Students and Their Parents. Personality and Individual Differences, 25(2), 297-316.
2. Knaus, W. (2000). Procrastination, Blame, and Change. Journal of Social Behavior & Personality, 15 (5), 153-166.
3. Solomon, L.J., & Rothblum, E.D. (1984). Academic Procrastination: Frequency and Cognitive-Behavioral Correlates. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 31, 503-509.
4. Vestervelt, C.M. (2000). An Examination of the Content and Construct Validity of Four Measures of Procrastination. Unpublished MA. Carleton University, Canada.
5. Milgram, N.A., Batori, G., & Mowrer, D. (1993). Correlates of Academic Procrastination. Journal of School Psychology, 31, 485-500.
6. Chun, A. H.C., & Choi, J.N. (2005). "Rethinking Procrastination: Positive Effects of “Active” Procrastination Behavior on Attitudes and Performance." The Journal of Social Psychology, 145(3), 245-264.
7. Ferrari, J.R., Johnson, J.L., & McCown, W.G. (1995). Procrastination and task avoidance: theory, research, and treatment. New York: Plenum Press.
8. Onwuegbuzie, A.J. (2004). Academic Procrastination and Statistics Anxiety. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 29(1), 3-19.
9. Burka,, J.B., & Yuen, L.M. (1983). Procrastinaton: Why you do it, what to do about it. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
10. Ellis, A., & Kanus, W.J. (1977). Overcoming procrastination. NY: A Signet Book. 11. Lamba, G. (1999). Effects of Gender-Role and Self-Efficacy on Academic Procrastination in College Students. Unpublished Master Thesis, Missouri Truman State University. (UMI no: 1396698).
12. Day, V., Mensink, D., & O`Sullivan, M. (2000). Patterns of Academic Procrastination. Journal of College Reading and Learning, 30, 120-134.
13. Senecal, C., Koestner, R., & Vallerand, R.J. (1995). Self-regulation and Academic Procrastination. Journal of Social Psychology, 135(1), 607-619.
14. Ferrari, J.R., & Pychyl, T.A. (2000). The Scientific Study of Procrastination: Where Have We Been and Where Are We Going? Journal of Social Behavior and Personality (Special Issue), 15, 7-8.
15. Clark, JL. & Hill, OW. (1994). Academic Procrastination among African-American College Students. Psychological Reports, 75, 931-936.
16. Lay, CH. (1986). At last, My Research Article on Procrastination. Journal of Research in Personality, 20, 474-495.
17. Senecal, C., Julien, E., & Guay, F. (2003). Role Conflict and Academic Procrastination: A Self-Determination Perspective. European Journal of Social Psychology, 33(1): 135-145.
18. Beswick, G., Rothblum, ED., & Mann, L. (1988). Psychological Antecedents of Student Procrastination. Australian Psychologist, 23, 207-217.
19. Rothblum, E.D., Solomon, L.J., Murakami, J. (1986). Affective, Cognitive, and Behavioral Differences Between High and Low Procrastinators. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 33(3), 387-394.
20. O`Brien, W.K. (2002). Applying the trans theoretical model to academic procrastination. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation. University of Houston, Houston, USA.
21. Steel, P. (2007). The Nature of Procrastination: A Meta-Analytic and Theoretical Review of Quintessential Self-Regulatory Failure. Psychological Bulletin, 133(1), 65-94.
22. Çak?c?, DÇ. (2003). An Examination of the General Procrastination Behavior and Academic Procrastination Behavior in High-School and University Students. Master Thesis, Ankara University, Educational Sciences Faculty, Ankara, Turkey.
23. Hastie, T., Tibshirani, R., & Friedman, J. (2009). The elements of statistical learning. New York, NY, USA: Springer.
24. Gonzalez-Camacho, J.M., Campos, G., Pe´rez, P., Gianola, D., Caims, J.E., Mahuku, G.R.B, & Crossa, J. (2012). Genome-enabled Prediction of Genetic Values Using Radial Basis Function Neural networks. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 125, 759–771.
25. Kayri, M. (2015). An Intelligent Approach to Educational Data: Performance Comparison of the Multilayer Perceptron and the Radial Basis Function Artificial Neural Networks. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 16(1), 1-10.
26. Keller, P.S., El-Sheikh, M., Granger, DA., & Buckhalt, J.A.. (2012). Interactions between Salivary Cortisol and Alpha-Amylase as Predictors of Children’s Cognitive Functioning and Academic Performance. Physiology& Behavior 105, 987-995.
27. Mustafa, M.R., Rezaur, R.B., Rahardjo, H., & Isa, M.H.(2012). Prediction of pore-water pressure using radial basis function neural network. Engineering Geology, 135(136), 40-47.
28. Johnson, E.M., Gren, K.E. & Kluever, R.C. (2000). Psychometric Characteristics of the Revised Procrastination Inventory. Researh in Higher Education, 41(2): 269-279.
29. Klassen, RM., Kuzucu, E. (2009). Academic Procrastination and Motivation of Adolescents in Turkey. Educational Psychology: An International Journal of Experimental Educational Psychology, 9 (1): 69-81.
30. Lay, CH., & Schouwenburg, H.C. (1993). Trait Procrastination, Time Management and Academic Behavior. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 8, 647- 662.
31. Tice, D.M., & Baumeister, R.F. (1997). Longitudinal Study of Procrastination, Performance, Stress and Health: The Costs and Benefits of Dawdling. Psychological Science, 8, 454-458.
32. Lay, C. H., & Burns, P. (1991). Intentions and Behavior in Studying for an Examination: The Role of Trait Procrastination and its Interaction with Optimism. Journal of Social Behavior & Personality, 6, 605-617.
33. McCown, W., & Johnson, J. (1991). Personality and Chronic Procrastination by University Students during an Academic Exam Period. Personality and Individual Differences, 12(5), 413-415.
34. Johnson, J. L., & Bloom, A.M. (1995). An Analysis of the Contribution of the Five Factors of Personality to Variance in Academic Procrastination. Personality and Individual Differences, 18, 127-133.
35. Haycock, L. A., McCarthy, P., & Skay, C.L. (1998). Procrastination in College Students: The Role of Self-Efficacy and Anxiety. Journal of Counseling and Development, 76, 317-324.
36. Hess, B., Sherman-Martin, F., & Goodman, M. (2000). Eveningness Predicts Academic Procrastination: The Mediating Role of Neuroticism. Journal of Social Behavior & Personality, 15, 61- 75.
37. Prohaska, V., Morrill, P., Atiles, I, & Perez, A. (2000). Academic Procrastination by Nontraditional Students. Journal of Social Behavior & Personality, 15(5), 125-135.
38. Washington, J.A. (2004). The Relationship between Procrastination and Depression among Graduate and Professional Students across Academic Programs: Implications for Counseling. PhD Diss., Texas Southern University, USA.
Academic Procrastination, General Procrastination, Artificial Neural Networks, Radial Basis Function.