Towards an Ontology for Islamic Finance

  IJCTT-book-cover
 
International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology (IJCTT)          
 
© 2021 by IJCTT Journal
Volume-69 Issue-12
Year of Publication : 2021
Authors : Sione Aboubacar, Kabore Kiswendsida Kisito, Traore Yaya
  10.14445/22312803/IJCTT- V69I12P103

MLA

MLA Style: 
Sione Aboubacar., et al. "Towards an Ontology for Islamic Finance." International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology,  vol. 69, no. 12, Dec. 2021, pp.10-16.   Crossref ,  https://doi.org/10.14445/22312803/IJCTT-V69I12P103

APA Style:
Sione Aboubacar., Kabore Kiswendsida Kisito., & Traore Yaya (2021). Towards an Ontology for Islamic Finance. International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology, 69(12), 10-16.  https://doi.org/10.14445/22312803/IJCTT-V69I12P103

Abstract
Islamic finance is a close combination of conventional finance, ethics, Islamic law, and jurisprudence. It has developed in an unprecedented way over the past half-century and has attracted the attention of Western central banks. It has been adopted by several countries, including non-Muslim countries, to deal with the excesses of conventional finance. The difference between Islamic banks and conventional banks lies in its five (5) principles, namely: the prohibition of interest, speculation, and uncertainty, the prohibition of illicit investments, the principle of profit and loss sharing, and the backing of a tangible asset. According to figures from the Institut Nationale d'Etudes Démographiques (INED), the population of the African continent is expected to reach 3.6 billion by 2100. This finance, despite its success, so much observed on the other surfaces of the earth, is still struggling to gain a foothold in the world and particularly on the African continent. This is due to the fact that it is not well known by the public, as its concepts have Arabic names. It is in this perspective that we propose in this paper to build an ontology of Islamic finance. The aim of our work is to design an ontology of Islamic finance. This ontology will group the key concepts of Islamic finance, define the relevant relations between them in order to popularize this finance from a platform based on a semantic wiki.

Keywords
Islamic finance, Sharia, Banking, Halal, Haram, Riba, Ontology.

Reference

[1] Kaouther TOUMI, Structure de capital, profitabilité et risques des banques islamiques thèse en cotutelle, 26.
[2] Wadi MZID La Finance islamique : Principes fondamentaux et apports potentiels dans le financement de la croissance et du développement 9.
[3] Saloua, Chettibi, Amina Rouibah Melle Conception d'une ontologie pour une plate-forme d'enseignement à distance, Mémoire de fin d'études p 11R. E. Sorace, V. S. Reinhardt, and S. A. Vaughn, High-speed digital-to-RF converter, U.S. Patent 5 668 842 (1997).
[4] A. Mamadolimova, N. Ambiah, and D. Lukose, Modeling IslamicFinance Knowledge for Contract Compliance in Islamic Banking, in Knowledge-Based and Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems, (2011) 346-355.
[5] Swartout, B., Ramesh, P., Knight, K., \& Russ, T.\Toward Distributed Use of LargeScale Ontologies. In A. Farquhar, M. Gruninger, A. Gómez-Pérez, \& M. Uschold (Ed.) (1997).
[6] Fernandez. M., Gomez-Perez. A., Juristo. N., Methodology: from ontological art towards ontological engineering, in Proceedings of the Spring Symposium Series on Ontological Engineering (AAAI’97), AAAI Press, (1997).
[7] Uschold, M., King, M., Towards a Methodology for Building Ontologies. In D. Skuce (Ed.), IJCAI’95 Workshop on Basic Ontological Issues in Knowledge Sharing, Montreal, Canada.A. Karnik, Performance of TCP congestion control with rate feedback: TCP/ABR and rate-adaptive TCP/IP, M. Eng. thesis, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India, (1995) 6.1-6.10.
[8] Uschold. M. and Grüninger. M., \emph{Ontologies: principles, methods, and applications} Knowledge Engineering Review, 11(2) (1996) 93–155.
[9] Cimiano, P. and Völker, J., Text2onto - a framework for ontology learning and data-driven change discovery. In Montoyo, A., Munoz, R., and Meta is E., editors, Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Applications of Natural Language to Information Systems (NLDB’05), volume 3513 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Alicante, Spain.Springer (2005) 227–238.
[10] Nathalie, A.-G., Sylvie, D., and Sylvie, S. The terminae method and platform for ontology engineering from texts. In Proceedings of the 2008 conference on Ontology Learning and Population: Bridging the Gap between Text and Knowledge, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, The Netherlands. IOS Press (2008) 199– 223.
[11] Gennari, J. H., Musen, M. A., Fergerson, R. W., Grosso, W. E., Monica Crubézy, H. E., Noy, N. F., and Tu, S. W. The evolution of protégé: an environment for knowledge-based systems development. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 58(1) (2003) 89–123.
[12] Uschold, M., & King, M. Towards a Methodology for Building Ontologies. In D. Skuce (Ed.), IJCAI’95 Workshop on Basic Ontological Issues in Knowledge Sharing, Montreal, Canada (1995) 6.1-6.10.
[13] Uschold. M. and Grüninger. M., Ontologies: principles, methods, and applications Knowledge Engineering Review, 11(2) (1996) 93– 155.
[14] Saloua Chettibi, Amina Rouibah Melle, Conception d'une ontologie pour une plate forme d'enseignement à distance, Mémoire de fin d'études p 11 .
[15] Nardi. D., Brachman. R. J., emph{An introduction to description logics. Dans Baader, F., Calvanese, D., McGuinness, D., Nardi, D. et Patel-Schneider, P.(éditeurs), Cambridge University Press, 544 (2003).
[16] Fernandez. M., Gomez-Perez. A., Juristo. N., Methodology: from ontological art towards ontological engineering, in Proceedings of the Sprin Symposium Series on Ontological Engineering (AAAI’97), AAAI Press, 1997.