A Survey Based Investigation for Cloud Computing Adoption Internationally

  IJCTT-book-cover
 
International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology (IJCTT)          
 
© 2019 by IJCTT Journal
Volume-67 Issue-4
Year of Publication : 2019
Authors : Raja Muhammad Ubaid Ullah, Dr.Kevan A. Buckley, Dr. Mary Garvey, Dr. Jun Li
  10.14445/22312803/IJCTT-V67I4P122

MLA

MLA Style:Raja Muhammad Ubaid Ullah, Dr.Kevan A. Buckley, Dr. Mary Garvey, Dr. Jun Li"A Survey Based Investigation for Cloud Computing Adoption Internationally" International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology 67.4 (2019): 106-117.

APA Style: Raja Muhammad Ubaid Ullah, Dr.Kevan A. Buckley, Dr. Mary Garvey, Dr. Jun Li (2019). A Survey Based Investigation for Cloud Computing Adoption Internationally International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology, 67(4), 106-117.

Abstract
Cloud computing (CC) is a new trend in information technology and has the potential to play a major role, in addressing inefficient resources, make a fundamental growth and competitiveness for large, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) internationally. The main benefits of adoption of CC services by Large and SMEs will be able to use the latest technology, without the need for the upfront cost, but reducing cost, providing a secure information platform and increasing productivity. The main drawback is that most organisations are adopting the CC without properly understanding that information data they are storing in the cloud is secure or not. The primary objective of this paper is to explore the CC adoption from large and SME perspective internationally. The current state of CC information intensity, different levels of external and other support in the organisations, motivations, requirements prevent the intensity of information and various level of external and other support for CC environment, the study findings can provide guidance on how to address the business and technology risks associated by CC adoption. However, a survey is conducted internationally on 107 Large and SMEs through survey monkey website, which shows interest in the CC services adoption. Specifically, in this paper users are evaluated through 6 factors, for instance, external support, competitive pressure, senior management support, employees cloud knowledge, adequate resources and information intensity.Though survey it is revealed that already adopted some cloud services are 84.11%, are in the processes of Implementing 8.41%, intend to adopt cloud services in the next 3 years 6.54% and don't intend to adopt any cloud services in near future 0.93%. The findings are expected to be beneficial for Large and SMEs in their adoption of CC services and may also be useful for service providers with respect to end-users’ concerns.

Reference
[1] Book: Pauly, M. “T-Systems Cloud-Based Solutions for Business Applications,” Cloud Computing: Principles and Paradigms (eds R. Buyya, J. Broberg and A. Goscinski), Chapter 11, page 299. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA, January 3, 2011. http://mirror.thelifeofkenneth.com/sites/virtualpanic.com/anonymousftplistings/ebooks/Cloud%20Computing%20Principles%20and%20Paradigms.pdf
[2] Article: Factors That Influence Adoption of Cloud Computing: An Empirical Study of Australian SMEs. Authors Ishan Senarathna, Carla Wilkin, Matthew Warren, William Yeoh and Scott Salzman. Australasian Journal of Information Systems, 2018, Vol 22, Research Article. Australia. http://journal.acs.org.au/index.php/ajis/article/download/1603/832.pdf
[3] Book: Cloud Security: A Comprehensive Guide to Secure Cloud Computing – Authors: Ronald L. Krutz and Russell Dean Vines. Copyright © 2010 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana. ISBN: 978-0-470-58987-8. Manufactured in the United States of America. http://www.itfront.cn/attachment.aspx?attachmentid=998
[4] International Conference: Organisational Factors Affecting Cloud Computing Adoption In Small And Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in service sector. Author Haslinda Hassan. CENTERIS - International Conference on ENTERprise Information Systems / ProjMAN - International Conference on Project MANagement / HCist - International Conference on Health and Social Care Information Systems and Technologies, CENTERIS / ProjMAN / HCist 2017, 8-10 November 2017, Barcelona, Spain. Malaysia. https://reader.elsevier.com/reader/sd/pii/S1877050917323281?token=54A4BCECEA38D15ECD825B2246FACDC4EC6E6A4967A6CA0C73B7AC327C9184BC958E9A6DFDA11AA93530B41E975D1745
[5] Book: Cloud Computing: Web Based Dynamic IT Services. Author: Baun, Christian, Publisher: Springer - Date 14-07-2011. https://epdf.tips/cloud-computing-web-based-dynamic-it-services.html
[6] Journal: Cloud Computing And Security Issues In Cloud. Authors LalitDashora, Aditya Jain, Gaurav Savner, AshutoshPatidar and Virendra Singh. International Journal Of Research In Computer Applications And Robotics Issn 2320-7345. Vol.4 Issue 5, Pg.: 6-13 May 2016. India. http://www.ijrcar.com/Volume_4_Issue_5/v4i506.pdf
[7] Conference: Cloud Computing: Transforming Medium and High Tech Industries in Kenya. Authors Pauline W. Wanjiku and Christopher A. Moturi. IST-Africa 2016 Conference Proceedings Paul Cunningham and Miriam Cunningham (Eds) IIMC International Information Management Corporation, 2016 ISBN: 978-1-905824-54-0. Nairobi, Kenya. http://www.ist-africa.org/Conference2016/outbox/ISTAfrica_Paper_ref_186_8208.pdf
[8] Conceptual Paper: The Cloud Adoption Toolkit: Supporting Cloud Adoption Decisions in the Enterprise. Authors Ali Khajeh-Hosseini, David Greenwood, James W. Smith, Ian Sommerville, 11th August 2010. United Kingdom. https://ifs.host.cs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Research/Publications/Papers-PDF/2010-/CloudAdoptionToolkit.pdf
[9] European Commission. “The New SME Definition: User Guide and Model Declaration. March 2005. https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/news/new-sme-definition-user-guide-and-model-declaration
[10] Primus. “Cloud computing for SMEs: bandwagon or good business strategy?”, 2011. http://www.primustel.ca/en/business/news/articles/2011/2 011-09-22_Cloud-computing-for-SMEs.php
[11] Article: Determinants of Cloud Computing Adoption At Firm Level: From The Technological Context. Authors Haslinda Hassan and MohdHerryMohd Nasir. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences 12(16):4186-4192. DOI: 10.3923/jeasci.2017.4186.4192. September 2017. Malaysia. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/320148636_Determinants_of_cloud_computing_adoption_at_firm_level_From_the_technological_context
[12] Research Paper: The Importance of Business Model Factors for Cloud Computing Adoption: Role of Previous Experiences. Authors Kristina BogatajHabjan and Andreja Pucihar. Research Papers Number 3, August 2017. DOI: 10.1515/orga-2017-0013. Slovenia. https://www.dlib.si/stream/URN:NBN:SI:DOC-POG14CBC/e5181a84-15df-41b0-9c8e-8b6eb0f6be49/PDF
[13] Journal: Effects of Industry Type on ICT Adoption among Malaysian SMEs. Authors Khong Sin Tan ,Uchenna Cyril Eze, and Siong Choy Chong. IBIMA Publishing Journal of Supply Chain and Customer Relationship Management. Vol. 2012 (2012), Article ID 113797, 12 pages DOI: 10.5171/2012.113797. Malaysia. http://ibimapublishing.com/articles/JSCCRM/2012/113797/113797.pdf
[14] Book: “Executive‟s Guide to Cloud Computing”. Authors Eric A. Marks Bob Lozano, Copyright # 2010 by Eric A. Marks and Roberto R. Lozano. All rights reserved. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey. Published simultaneously in Canada. 2010, p. 74-75. http://160592857366.free.fr/joe/ebooks/tech/Wiley%20Executive%27s%20Guide%20to%20Cloud%20Computing.pdf
[15] Paper: Cloud Computing Strategy Direction Paper. By the Department of Finance and Deregulation (DFD) Cloud Computing Strategic Direction Paper: Opportunities and applicability for use by the Australian Government, Version 1.1 (released April 2013). https://www.finance.gov.au/files/2013/04/final-_cloud_computing_strategy_version_1.1.pdf
[16] International Conference: A Comprehensive Study On Cloud Computing. Authors Ab Rashid Dar and Dr. D. Ravindran. Conference: 1st International Conference on Recent Developments in Science, Humanities & Management-2018. Volume No. 07. Special Issue No. 04. ISSN: 2319-8354. April 2018. India. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/324587212_A_COMPREHENSIVE_STUDY_ON_CLOUD_COMPUTING
[17] Paper: Cutting Through The Fog: Understanding The Competitive Dynamics In Cloud Computing, BRIE Working Paper 190 (Beta) May 1, 2010 Copyright 2010. Authors Kenji E. Kushida, Dan Breznitz and John Zysman. USA. http://brie.berkeley.edu/publications/wp190beta.pdf
[18] Book: Handbook of Cloud Computing: Authors BorkoFurht and Armando Escalante. ISBN 978-1-4419-6523-3 e-ISBN 978-1-4419-6524-0 DOI 10.1007/978-1-4419-6524-0. USA, Published 2010. https://studytm.files.wordpress.com/2014/03/hand-book-of-cloud-computing.pdf
[19] Journal: International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology (IJEST). Security Issues In Cloud Computing And Countermeasures. Authors Danish Jamil and Hassan Zaki. Department of Computer Engineering, Sir Syed University of Engineering & Technology, Main University Road, Karachi, Sindh - 75300, Pakistan. ISSN : 0975-5462 Vol. 3 No. 4 April 2011, Pg. 2672 – 2676. Pakistan. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download;jsessionid=DBE09AEFD8EFC1A16B367F8249DA4287?doi=10.1.1.640.447&rep=rep1&type=pdf
[20] Article: Cloud Computing and Computing Evolution. Authors Markus Böhm,Stefanie Leimeister,Christoph Riedl,Helmut Krcmar. January 2011. from IEEE Xplore. 978-0-7695-3840-2/09 $26.00 © 2009 IEEE. DOI 10.1109/CLOUD.2009.6. Germany. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/268011245_Cloud_Computing_and_Computing_Evolution
[21] Dr.Ramnath K. Chellappa, Associate Professor & Caldwell Research Fellow Doctoral Program Coordinator, Information Systems & Operations Management, Room 407, 1300 Clifton Road, Goizueta Business School, Emory University, Atlantaa. GA 30322-2710. (DEFINITION IN SECTION: CLOUD COMPUTING)http://www.bus.emory.edu/ram/
[22] History of Cloud Computing Timeline. https://cdn2.hubspot.net/hubfs/620276/History_of_Cloud_Computing_Timeline.pdf?t=1488486871142
[23] Article: A Brief History of Cloud Computing. Author Keith D, Foote, 22nd June, 2017. USA. http://www.dataversity.net/brief-history-cloud-computing/
[24] Cloud Computing History, from Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloud_computing
[25] PhD Theses: Implementing a Forensic Educational Package for Registered Nurses in Two Emergency Departments in Western Australia (Doctor of Philosophy (PhD). By Michel, C. M. (2008). University of Notre Dame Australia. https://www.google.co.uk/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=2&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwiZ3-W86vjXAhWqD8AKHfIzAiwQFgg0MAE&url=http%3A%2F%2Fresearchonline.nd.edu.au%2Fcgi%2Fviewcontent.cgi%3Ffilename%3D9%26article%3D1030%26context%3Dtheses%26type%3Dadditional&usg=AOvVaw2Br54FKxZf8-KWH6XLfjZk
[26] Paper: Exploring the philosophical underpinnings of research: relating ontology and epistemology to the methodology and methods of the scientific, interpretive, and critical research paradigms. By Scotland, J. (2012). English Language Teaching; Vol. 5, No. 9; 2012 ISSN 1916-4742 E-ISSN 1916-4750 Published by Canadian Center of Science and Education. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/f24f/1d16645ee19b0263f4c377d9e086ed277a3c.pdf
[27] Book: Sociology (14th edition). Author John J. Macionis. (2012). ISBN 10: 020511671X / ISBN 13: 9780205116713. New York: Pearson.
[28] Book: Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. By John W. [56]. Fourth edition, Copyright © 2014 by SAGE Publications, Incorporated. file:///C:/Users/Raja%20Ubaid.raja/Downloads/John%20W.%20Creswell-Research%20Design_%20Qualitative,%20Quantitative,%20and%20Mixed%20Methods%20Approaches-SAGE%20Publications,%20Inc%20(2013)%20(1).pdf
[29] Journal: A Primer in Survey Research. Author Suzanne C. Watson. The Journal of Continuing Higher Education, Winter 1998, pp. 31-40. Reproduced by permission of the Association for Continuing Higher Education, Inc. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/1059/1b5151e7da3f11dfea5a3b0bf69fa7b14736.pdf
[30] Journal article: Systematic planning for using an online survey, Authors Lois A. Ritter and Valerie M. Sue. New Directions for Evaluation, Publisher: Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., A Wiley Company, Volume: 5 September 2007, Issue 115, ISSN:1097-6736, EISSN:1534-875X, DOI:, Copyright © 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com.ezproxy.wlv.ac.uk/doi/10.1002/ev.231/epdf

Keywords
Cloud Computing, Cloud Computing adoption, cost effective Cloud, SMEs