Cloud Enterprise Resource Planning System

  IJCTT-book-cover
 
International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology (IJCTT)          
 
© 2018 by IJCTT Journal
Volume-55 Number-1
Year of Publication : 2018
Authors : Dania Bahssas
  10.14445/22312803/IJCTT-V55P109

MLA

Dania Bahssas "Cloud Enterprise Resource Planning System". International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology (IJCTT) V55(1):50-81, January 2018. ISSN:2231-2803. www.ijcttjournal.org. Published by Seventh Sense Research Group.

Abstract -
Due to continual innovations, information technology (IT) is rapidly changing. One emerging IT technology is cloud computing. The phenomenon of cloud computing changes the way IT departments work and the way businesses consume IT systems in specific Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems. This has led to the need for research in the cloud ERP system field that can study cloud ERP system adoption in companies. This research studies cloud ERP system adoption factors, advantages, and disadvantages. It aims to: (1) develop a clear image about the cloud system, (2) establish a level of understanding about the cloud ERP system, (3) establish a level of understanding about the cloud ERP system adoption, (4) study the cloud ERP system’s advantages and disadvantages, and (5) study the influential factors that affect cloud ERP system adoption. To answer the research questions and fulfill the aims of the investigation, a quantitative and qualitative research methodology was adopted. Interviews were conducted with a focus group for two enterprise types: (1) enterprises that adopted the cloud ERP system, and (2) enterprises willing to adopt the cloud ERP system. The importance of having two sample groups is to gain companies IT expert experience in adopting a cloud ERP system and an in-house ERP system, and then differentiate between them. A survey was distributed to 150 participants. The study results reveal the reasons for adopting a cloud ERP system and the factors that can influence a company to adopt a cloud ERP. The two top reasons for adopting a cloud ERP were to: 1) improve system efficiency and performance, and 2) to integrate the mobile system. The results also reveal four main advantages of a cloud ERP system: 1) using advanced technology, 2) system accessibility and flexibility, 3) focus on core business activities, 4) deliver best practices, and 5) improve business efficiency. Lastly, the results illustrated that the two primary cloud ERP system disadvantages include additional costs and security risks.

References
1. Enterprise Resource Planning. Alryalat, Ibrahim Kofahi and Haroun. 1, 2017, International Journal of Information Technology Project Management, p. 17.
2. Cloud Computing: Types, Topologies, Virtual Machine and VM Migration for Decrease in Power Consumption. Kaur Er. Jasminderjit, Bhathal Er. Gurjit Singh, Gupta Gaurav. 5, s.l. : nternational Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science, 2017, Vol. 8.
3. Benefits and challenges of cloud ERP systems – A systematic literature review. A.Abd Elmonem, Mohamed, Nasr, Eman and Geith, Mervat . s.l. : Future Computing and Informatics Journal, 2016.
4. An Empirical Study of Technological Factors Affecting Cloud Enterprise Resource Planning Systems Adoption. Kinuthia, Njenga and Chung, Sock . 2, s.l. : Information Resources Management Journal (IRMJ), 2017, Vol. 30.
5. The Role of Knowledge Management Processes in ERP Implementation Success. Rouhani, Saeed , Hosseini, Somayeh and Zanjani, Mehdi Shami . 3, s.l. : International Journal of Knowledge-Based Organizations (IJKBO), 2017, Vol. 7.
6. Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) Systems: Design, Trends and. Bahssas, Dania, AlBar, Dr. Adnan and Hoque, Md. Rakibul . 2, s.l. : The International Technology Management Review,, 2015, Vol. 5.
7. The Operational Benefits of Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP). Ali Smadi, Dr. Ziad . 2, s.l. : International Journal of Business and Social Science, 2016, Vol. 7.
8. Cloud ERP: A new dilemma to modern organizations. Peng, Guo Chao Alex and Chirag, Gala. s.l. : The Journal of Computer Information Systems, 2014.
9. ERP system implementation in large enterprises a systematic literature review. Ali, Mahmood and Miller, Lloyd . 4, s.l. : Journal of Enterprise Information Management, 2016, Vol. 30.
10. The interoperability force in the ERP field. Andrés, Boza, et al., et al. 3, s.l. : Enterprise Information Systems, 2015, Vol. 9.
11. Impact analysis of ERP post-implementation modifications: Design, tool support and evaluation. Parhizkar, Minou and Comuzzi, Marco . s.l. : Computers in industry, 2017, Vol. 84.
12. Assembly FG: An Educational Case on MRP II Integrated within ERP. LAMBERT, SHERWOOD LANE , et al., et al. 1, s.l. : Accounting Perspectives , 2017, Vol. 16.
13. Cloud Computing. kaur, Sukhvir . 6, s.l. : International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science, 2016, Vol. 7.
14. Cloud computing: the ultimate step towards the virtual enterprise? Patrignani, Norberto and Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis . 3, s.l. : ACM SIGCAS Computers and Society, 2016, Vol. 45.
15. Can functional characteristics usefully define the cloud computing landscape and isthe current reference model correct? Caithness, Neil , Drescher, Michel and Wallom, David . 10, s.l. : Journal of Cloud Computing:Advances, Systems and Applications, 2017, Vol. 6.
16. C. Marinescu, Dan . Cloud computing theory and paractice. s.l. : Elsevier, 2013.
17. Cloud Computing: Architecture and Operating System. M. Musse , Hodan and A. Alamro, Lama. s.l. : Global Summit on Computer & Information Technology, 2016.
18. Switching Toward Cloud ERP: A Research Model to Explain Intentions. Mezghani, Karim. 4, s.l. : International Journal of Enterprise Information Systems (IJEIS), 2014, Vol. 13.
19. Cloud Computing: Need, Enabling Technology, Architecture, Advantages and Challenges. Gajbhiye, Amit and PD Shrivastva, Krishna Mohan . 3, s.l. : IEEE, 2014, Vol. 5.
20. Cloud Computing Features, Issues and Challenges: A Big Picture. Puthal, Deepak , et al., et al. 3, s.l. : International Conference on Computational Intelligence & Networks, 2015, Vol. 10.
21. Libraries and Cloud Computing Models: A Changing Paradigm. C. Sharma, Satish and Bagoria, Harshila . 4, s.l. : Cloud Computing and Virtualization Technologies in Libraries, 2014, Vol. 10.
22. Security Issues In Service Model Of Cloud Computing. Krishna, B. Hari , et al., et al. s.l. : International Conference on Computational Science , 2016, Vol. 87.
23. Cost Benefits of Cloud Computing for Connected Government. Kang Chen, Chin and Almunawar , Mohammad Nabil . s.l. : Cloud Computing Technologies for Connected Government, 2016, Vol. 10.
24. Cloud Computing Application: Its Security Issues and Challenges Faced During Cloud Forensics and Investigation. Chaudhary , Osama and S Siddique, Arfiya . 2, s.l. : International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science, 2017, Vol. 8.
25. Analysis and Assessment of the Vulnerabilities in Cloud Computing. Afshan, Nailah . 2, s.l. : International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science, 2017, Vol. 8.
26. Energy Efficiency Techniques in Cloud Computing: A Survey and Taxonomy. KAUR , TARANDEEP and CHANA, INDERVEER . 2, s.l. : ACM, 2015, Vol. 48.
27. Cloud Computing Technologies and Applications. Zhu, Jinzy . s.l. : Springer Science , 2015, Vol. 2.
28. Why end-users move to the cloud: a migration-theoretic analysis. Bhattacherjee, Anol and Cheol Park, Sang. s.l. : European Journal of Information Systems, 2014, Vol. 23.
29. Cloud and traditional ERP systems in small and medium enterprises. Saini, Indu , Khanna, Ashu and Peddoju, S. K. . 14, s.l. : Information Systems and Computer Networks (ISCON), 2014, Vol. 4.
30. Enterprise architecture for cloud-based ERP system development. Gunawan, Ardian Indra and Surendro, Kridanto . s.l. : Advanced Informatics: Concept, Theory and Application (ICAICTA), 2014, Vol. 14.
31. ERP system adoption traditional ERP systems vs. cloud-based ERP systems. Al-Ghofaili, Abdullah and Al-Mashari, Majed . s.l. : Innovative Computing Technology (INTECH), 2014, Vol. 10.
32. Factors affecting cloud ERP adoption in Saudi Arabia: An empirical study. AlBar, Adnan Mustafa and Hoque, Md. Rakibul . s.l. : Information Deelopment Jorunal, 2017, Vol. 10.
33. Perceived Use and Acceptance of Cloud Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) Implementation in the Manufacturing Industries. Adeboye, Adewale . 3, s.l. : International Journal of Strategic Information Technology and Applications, 2016, Vol. 7.
34. An Analysis of the Perceived Benefits and Drawbacks of Cloud ERP Systems A South African Study. Scholtz , Brenda and Atukwase, Denis . s.l. : Information Technology in Environmental Engineering, 2016, Vol. 10.
35. Developing a Cloud-Computing Adoption Framework. Gangwar, Hemlata , Date, Hema and Ramaswamy, R. . s.l. : Global Business Review, 2015, Vol. 10.
36. Identification of challenges and their ranking in the implementation of cloud ERP A comparative study for SMEs and large organizations. Gupta, Shivam , C. Misra, Subhas and Singh, Akash . s.l. : International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, 2017, Vol. 4.
37. A Practical Strategy for ERP to Cloud Integration. POPA, Sorin and VAIDA, Mircea-Florin . 3, s.l. : Studies in Informatics and Control, 2016, Vol. 25.
38. Cloud Enterprise Resource Planning Selection Model for Small and Medium Enterprises. Abdullah, Azizol , et al., et al. s.l. : Advanced Science Letters, 2016, Vol. 22.
39. ERP Evaluation in Cloud Computing. Morales, Valdir , et al., et al. s.l. : IFIP International Federation for Information Processing, 2015, Vol. 10.
40. Adopting Cloud ERP in Small and Medium Enterprises: Benefits and Challenges. R. Meganathan and P. Jeyanthi. 11, s.l. : International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication , 2016, Vol. 4.
41. Factors influencing cloud enterprises resource planning system adoption in New Zealand small and medium enterprises. Krishnan, Arun and Verhaart , Michael . s.l. : Computing and Information Technology Research and Education, 2015, Vol. 6.
42. Success factors in ERP systems implementations: Lessons from practice. Soja, Piotr. 3, s.l. : ournal of Enterprise Information Management, 2016, Vol. 19.
43. Factors affecting ERP system adoption: A comparative analysis between SMEs and large companies. Buonanno, G, et al., et al. 2, s.l. : Journal of Enterprise Information Management, 2016, Vol. 18.
44. Technical and Environmental Factors Affecting Cloud Computing Adoption in the South African Public Sector. Scholtz, Brenda and Govender, Judian . s.l. : Information Resources Management, 2016, Vol. 12.
45. Virtual Investigation of Grouping of on Premise and Cloud ERP. Dwivedi, Kavya and Sharma, Madhulika . 1, s.l. : International Journal of Research and Development in Applied Science and Engineering, 2016, Vol. 9.
46. Moderating Effect of Compliance, Network, and Security on the Critical Success Factors in the Implementation of Cloud ERP. Gupta, Shivam and Misra, Subhas C. . s.l. : IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing , 2016, Vol. 5.
47. Data security issues in cloud-based Software-as-a-Service ERP. Saa, Pablo , Moscoso-Zea, Oswaldo and Costales, Andrés Cueva . s.l. : Information Systems and Technologies, 2017, Vol. 12.
48. Understanding the Flexibility of Cloud ERP Software. Nowak, Dawid and Kurbe, Karl . s.l. : International Conference on Enterprise Resource Planning Systems, 2016, Vol. 3.
49. Antecedents of Cloud ERP Adoption in Manufacturing Industry: Nigerian SMEs Context. Usman, Usman Musa Zakari , Ahmad, Mohammad Nazir and Zakaria, Nor Hidayati . s.l. : Knowledge Management International Conference, 2016, Vol. 10.
50. Adoption of Emerging Technologies into ERP Systems Landscape: A South African study. Du Plessis, Jean-Jacques and Mwalemba, Gwamaka . 16, s.l. : International Conference on Emerging Technologies and Innovative Business Practices for the Transformation of, 2016, Vol. 6.
51. Factors Influencing Cloud Enterprise Resource Planning Adoption in SMEs. Usman, Usman Musa Zakari , Ahmad, Muhammad Nazir and Zakariya, Nor Hidayati . s.l. : Information Science and Applications, 2016, Vol. 10.
52. Factors for Adopting ERP as SaaS amongst SMEs: The Customers vs. Vendor Point of View. Rodrigues, Jorge , et al., et al. 4, s.l. : Information Resources Management Journal, 2016, Vol. 29.
53. Cloud Computing with ERP - A Push Business Towards Higher Efficiency. Jain, Dhiraj and Sharma, Yuvraj . s.l. : Annaul Research Journal of SCMS Pune, 2016, Vol. 4.
54. Using the Multi-Theory Approach to Investigate the Factors that Affect the Adoption of Cloud Enterprise Resource Planning Systems by Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises in the Philippines. R. Caguiat, Ma. Rowena and C. Suarez, Merlin Teodosia . s.l. : Pacific Asia Conference on Information Systems, 2017, Vol. 7.
55. Key Benefits of Enterprise Resource Planning Adoption within Small Family Businesses: A Conceptual Framework. Lasisi, Mukhtar , Owens, Jonathan D and Udagedara, Susantha . s.l. : United Kingdom Academy for Information Systems conference journals, 2017, Vol. 12.
56. BENEFITS, CHALLENGES AND SELECTION OF CLOUD ERP SYSTEMS USED IN SMEs. Ramasamy, Meganathan and R.P, Dr. Singh. 10,
57. AN EXPLORATION OF ADOPTION FACTORS FOR CLOUD ERP SYSTEMS IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR. Saedberg, Andreas and Haddara, Moutaz . 1, s.l. : Bibsys Open Journal Systems, 2016, Vol. 24.
58. Creswell, John W. . Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches. s.l. : SAGE, 2016.
59. Bernard, H. Russell . Research Methods in Anthropology: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. s.l. : AltaMira Press, 2016.
60. Sahu, Pradip Kumar. Research Methodology: A Guide for Researchers In Agricultural Science, Social Science and Other Related Fields. s.l. : Springer, 2016.
61. Creswell, John W. . A Concise Introduction to Mixed Methods Research (Sage Mixed Methods Research). s.l. : SAGE, 2015.
62. Purposeful Sampling for Qualitative Data Collection and Analysis in Mixed Method Implementation Research. Palinkas, Lawrence, et al., et al. 211, s.l. : administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 2015, Vol. 45.
63. Qualitative research. Dicks, Bella , Henwood, Karen and Housley, William . 6, s.l. : Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) journal, 2017, Vol. 17.
64. Martin , Suzanne . Qualitative Research in the Study of Leadership. s.l. : Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2016.
65. Treiman , Donald . Quantitative Data Analysis: Doing Social Research to Test Ideas. s.l. : John Wiley, 2015.
66. Briggs, Ann and Coleman, Marianne . Research Methods in Educational Leadership and Management. s.l. : SAGE, 2015.
67. Wiedemann, Gregor . Text Mining for Qualitative Data Analysis in the Social Sciences. s.l. : Springer, 2016.
68. Spector, Michael , et al., et al. Handbook of Research on Educational Communications and Technology. s.l. : Springer, 2015.
69. Contributing conditions: A qualitative comparative analysis of teachers’ instructional responses to data. Farrell, Caitlin and Marsh, Julie. s.l. : Teaching and Teacher Education journal , 2016, Vol. 60.
70. Bryman, Alan . Social Research Methods. s.l. : Oxford press, 2016.
71. Collis, Jill and Hussey, Roger . Business Research: A Practical Guide for Undergraduate and Postgraduate Students. s.l. : Palgrave Macmillan higher education, 2016.
72. Silverman, David . Qualitative Research. s.l. : SAGE, 2016.
73. Ary, Donald , et al., et al. Introduction to Research in Education. s.l. : CENGAGE, 2016.
74. Is Quantitative Research Ethical? Tools for Ethically Practicing, Evaluating, and Using Quantitative Research. Zyphur, Michael and Pierides, Dean . 1, s.l. : Journal of Business Ethics, 2017, Vol. 143.

Keywords
ERP, cloud system, cloud ERP system, SLA