Spatial Data for Sharia Compliant Smart City: A Review

  IJCTT-book-cover
 
International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology (IJCTT)          
 
© 2019 by IJCTT Journal
Volume-67 Issue-1
Year of Publication : 2019
Authors : Jamilah Osama Rashid, Adamu Abubakar
  10.14445/22312803/IJCTT-V67I1P107

MLA

MLA Style: Jamilah Osama Rashid, Adamu Abubakar "Spatial Data for Sharia Compliant Smart City: A Review" International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology 67.1 (2019): 33-37.

APA Style: Jamilah Osama Rashid, Adamu Abubakar (2019). Spatial Data for Sharia Compliant Smart City: A Review. International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology, 67(1), 33-37.

Abstract
The use of technology has reached the most stages in its use. Some uses of information technology support all aspects of life. An "X" university is a university that contributes to the use of information technology. University "X" applies all activities by utilizing information technology. One application is to make a concept for ordering student bus tickets, this is because many students run out of seats because the bus seats are always full, and many students complain about this. From these problems, the university "X" designed a bus ticket booking system that was adjusted to the seat. The design of this bus ticket booking system uses a very good classical method, SDLC. The results of the design of this system have been applied and the results of the questionnaire distributed to users, state that they are satisfied with the existence of this system.

Reference
[1] Allwinkle, S. & Cruickshank, P., 2011. Creating Smart-er Cities: An Overview. Journal of Urban Technology, 18(2), pp.1–16.
[2] Anthopoulos, L., Janssen, M., & Weerakkody, V. (2019). A Unified Smart City Model (USCM) for smart city conceptualization and benchmarking. In Smart Cities and Smart Spaces: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications (pp. 247-264). IGI Global.
[3] Aziz, A. A., Bakhtiar, M. F. S., Syaquif, M., Kamaruddin, Y., & Ahmad, N. A. (2012). Information and communication technology application’s usage in hotel industry. Journal of Tourism, Hospitality, and Culinary Arts, 4(2), 34-48.
[4] Bahaire, T. & Elliot-White, M. (1999). The application of geographical information systems (GIS) in sustainable tourism planning. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 7, 159- 174.
[5] Colin Harrison, and Ian Abbott Donnelly "A THEORY OF SMART CITIES" IBM Corporation, 1 New Meadow Road, Armonk, NY 10504, USA, IBM UK Limited, Northminster House, Natural England, Peterb orough PE1 1 UA, UK, 2011.
[6] Coombs, W. T., & Laufer, D. (2018). Global Crisis Management–Current Research and Future Directions. Journal of International Management.
[7] Edwards, J. R., & Bagozzi, R. P. (2000). On the nature and direction of relationships between constructs and measures. Psychological Methods, 5(2), 155-174.
[8] Fatimah, S., Osmi, C., Nadiah, M., Noor Suraya, R., Khadijah, S., & Osmi, C. (2013). Enhanced the Municipal Solid Waste Management in Kuala Lumpur by Implementing Technologies from European Countries: Strategies and Action Plans. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Geo- Environmental, 4, 23-34.
[9] Giffinger, R., Fertner, C., Kramar, H., & Meijers, E. (2007). City-ranking of European medium-sized cities. Cent. Reg. Sci. Vienna UT, 1-12.
[10] Gretzel, U., Koo, C., Sigala, M., & Xiang, Z. (2015). Special issue on smart tourism: convergence of information technologies, experiences, and theories. Electronic Markets, 25(3), 175-177.[11] Harrison, C., & Donnelly, I. A. (2011, September). A theory of smart cities. In Proceedings of the 55th Annual Meeting of the ISSS-2011, Hull, UK (Vol. 55, No. 1).
[12] Harvey, F. (2018). Critical GIS: Distinguishing critical theory from critical thinking. The Canadian Geographer/Le Géographe canadien, 62(1), 35-39.
[13] Http://www.islam.gov.my/en/
[14] Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malaysia#Geography (30-9-2016/ 10am).
[15] Isah, N. (2016). Flood occurrence, smart tunnel operating system and traffic flow: a case of Kuala Lumpur smart tunnel Malaysia (Doctoral dissertation, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia).
[16] Jovanović, V., & Njeguš, A. (2013). The application of GIS and its components in tourism. Yugoslav Journal of Operations Research ISSN: 0354-0243 EISSN: 2334-6043, 18(2).
[17] Knoke, D. And Kuklinski, J.H. (1991) Network analysis: Basic concepts. In G. Thompson, J. Frances, R. Levacic and J. Mitchell (eds) Markets, Hierarchies and Networks (pp. 173–82). London: Sage Publications.
[18] Maheshwari, D., & Janssen, M. (2014). Reconceptualizing measuring, benchmarking for improving interoperability in smart ecosystems: The effect of ubiquitous data and crowdsourcing. Government Information Quarterly, 31, S84-S92.
[19] Neuman, W. L. (2006). Social research methods: qualitative and quantitative approaches (6th Ed.). Boston: Pearson.
[20] Nunnally, Jum. "C.(1978). Psychometric theory." (1978).
[21] O'Sullivan, D. (2004). Too Much of the Wrong Kind of Data. Implications for the Practice of microscale Spatial Modeling. In M.F.Goodchild & D. G. Janelle (Eds.), Spatially Integrated Social Science (pp. 95-108). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
[22] Santhiman, M. S., Weei, L. H., & HOD-M&E, M. G. J. V. (2006, August). ITS of SMART. In PIARC International Seminar on Intelligent Transport System (ITS) in Road Network Operations, Kuala Lumpur.
[23] Schuurman, M. S., Muir, S. R., Allen, W. D., & Schaefer III, H. F. (2004). Toward subchemical accuracy in computational thermochemistry: Focal point analysis of the heat of formation of NCO and [H, N, C, O] isomers. The Journal of chemical physics, 120(24), 11586-11599.
[24] Scott, N., Baggio, R., & Cooper, C. (2008). Network analysis and tourism: From theory to practice (Vol. 35). Channel View Publications.
[25] Shah, S. A., & Wani, M. A. (2015). Application of Geospatial Technology for the Promotion of Tourist Industry in Srinagar City. International Journal of u-and e-Service, Science and Technology, 8(1), 37-50.
[26] Weaver, D. & Lawton, L. (2006). Tourism Management. (3 ed.) Milton: John Wiley & Sons Australia.

Keywords
Sharia Compliant, Smart Cities, Geographic Information System (GIS)