Reversible Picture Watermarking by Interpolation Technique

International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology (IJCTT)          
© 2016 by IJCTT Journal
Volume-32 Number-1
Year of Publication : 2016
Authors : C.Mani, T.Siva Nandhini


C.Mani, T.Siva Nandhini "Reversible Picture Watermarking by Interpolation Technique". International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology (IJCTT) V32(1):28-35, February 2016. ISSN:2231-2803. Published by Seventh Sense Research Group.

Abstract -
watermarking implant information into a digital signal like audio, Picture, or video. Reversible Picture watermarking can bring back the original picture without any distortion after the hidden data is extracted. In this paper, we present a novel reversible watermarking scheme using an interpolation procedure, which can embed a large amount of covert data into Pictures with imperceptible modification. Different from previous watermarking schemes, we utilize the interpolation-error, the difference between interpolation value and corresponding pixel value, to embed bit “1” or “0” by expanding it additively or leaving it unchanged. Due to the slight modification of pixels, high Picture quality is preserved. Experimental results also demonstrate that the proposed scheme can provide greater payload capacity and higher Picture fidelity compared with other state-of-the-art schemes.

[1] J. M. Barton, “Method and Apparatus for Embedding Authentication Information Within Digital Data,” U.S. Patent 5 646 997, 1997.
[2] J. B. Feng, I. C. Lin, C. S. Tsai, and Y. P. Chu, “Reversible water-marking: Current status and key issues,” Int. J. Netw. Security, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 161–171, 2006.
[3] J. Tian, “Reversible data embedding using a difference expansion,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. Video Technol., vol. 13, no. 8, pp. 890–896, Aug. 2003.
[4] A. M. Alattar, “Reversible watermark using difference expansion of a generalized integer transform,” IEEE Trans. Picture Process., vol. 3, no. 8, pp. 1147–1156, Aug. 2004.
[5] H.-J. Kim, V. Sachnev, Y. Q. Shi, J. Nam, and H.-G. Choo, “A novel difference expansion transform for reversible data embedding,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Forensic Security, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 456–465, Sep. 2008.
[6] C. C. Lin, S. P. Yang, and N. L. Hsueh, “Lossless data hiding based on difference expansion without a location map,” in 2008 Congress on Picture and Signal Processing, 2008, pp. 8– 12.
[7] Y. Hu, H.-K. Lee, and J. Li, “DE-based reversible data hiding with improved overflow location map,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. Video Technol., vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 250–260, Feb. 2009.
[8] C. D. Vleeschouwer, J. F. Delaigle, and B. Macq, “Circular interpreta-tion of bijective transformation in lossless watermarking for media as management,” IEEE Trans. Multimedia, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 97–105, Mar. 2003.
[9] Z. Ni, Y. Q. Shi, N. Ansari, and S. Wei, “Reversible data hiding,” IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. Video Technol., vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 354–362, 2006.
[10] J. Hwang, J. W. Kim, and J. U. Choi, “A reversible watermarking based on histogram shifting,” in Int. Workshop on Digital Watermarking, Lec-ture Notes in Computer Science, Jeju Island, Korea, 2006, vol. 4283, pp. 348–361, Springer-Verlag.
[11] C. C. Lin and N. L. Hsueh, “A lossless data hiding scheme based on three-pixel block differences,” Pattern Recogni., vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 1415–1425, Apr. 2008.
[12] P. Tsai, Y. C. Hu, and H. L. Yeh, “Reversible Picture hiding scheme using predictive coding and histogram shifting,” Signal Process., vol. 89, pp. 1129–1143, 2009.
[13] K.-S. Kim et al., “Reversible data hiding exploiting spatial correla-tion between sub-sampled Pictures,” Pattern Recognit., 2009, DOI: 10.1016/j.patcog.2009.04.004.
[14] T. Kalker and F. M. J. Willems, “Capacity bounds and construction for reversible data-hiding,” in Proc. Int. Conf. DSP, Santorini, Greece, 2002.
[15] D. Maas, T. Kalker, and F. M. J. Willems, “A code construction for recursive reversible data-hiding,” in Pro. ACM Workshop Multimedia, Juan-les-Pins, France, Dec. 2002, pp. 15–18.
[16] L. Zhang and X. Wu, “An edge-guided Picture interpolation algorithm via directional filtering and data fusion,” IEEE Trans. Picture Process., vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 2226–2238, Aug. 2006.

Additive interpolation-error expansion, data hiding, inter-polation-error, reversible watermarking.